Bill Nye is undoubtedly a very intelligent man that believes in evolution. Somehow he believes if a person accepts the Bible on creation it will hinder real science. I am not a scientist but I can read. The following is a report I wrote on Darwin’s Universe by the late Gene Bylinsky. From this book it is seen that evolution is based on assumptions such as, I think so, perhaps and maybe. I encourage you to read what I have written.
A REVIEW OF “LIFE IN DARWINS UNIVERSE”
Psalm 148:1-5 Praise ye the LORD. Praise ye the LORD from the heavens: praise him in the heights. 2 Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts. 3 Praise ye him, sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars of light. 4 Praise him, ye heavens of heavens, and ye waters that be above the heavens. 5 Let them praise the name of the LORD: for he commanded, and they were created.
Acts 4:24 …they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is
Acts 14:15 …turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein
Colossians 1:16, 17 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: 17 And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.
Hebrews 11:1, 3 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. 3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.
Revelation 14:7 …Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.
How many books rest upon the shelf gathering dust for years without being read or even opened? Such is the case with this book. Not until a few weeks ago did I really look at the book. Why I purchased it I do not know but I did and it has rested on the book shelf unread until now.
Life in Darwins Universe was written by Gene Bylinsky who, according to the jacket, has won sixteen citations and awards for his scientific and medical writing. The book was first printed in 1981 and is still available from Amazon. Isaac Asimov wrote a recommendation for the book which appears on the back cover. Asimov said that Bylinskys telling is successful and timely in a day when Creationists are trying to push the scientific clock back to Babylonian mythology. Bad Creationists! Frank Drake, Director for the Carl Sagan Center for the Study of Life in the Universe, also wrote a review on the back cover saying Bylinsky has done the world a great favour by giving us an accurate, clear picture of the processes of evolution and their astounding consequences, now and in the future. What Mr. Bylinsky writes may be accurate to the theory of evolution and clear to an evolutionist but to me it takes more faith to believe what Mr. Bylinsky writes than it does to believe the Bible.
These are undoubtedly intelligent men (in Asimovs case was and he now knows better) but intelligent men who have been duped by Satan into believing the Lie of Evolution. Accepting the Lie of Evolution ultimately leads to accepting abortion, sodomy and euthanasia to name just a few.
So why write a review? One reason is that evolution is one BIG LIE of Satan himself and needs to be addressed for this Lie has been accepted by the general public without many if any questions asked. Howbeit, What is surprising and sad, however, is the trend within the churchâ€”within the evangelical churchâ€”to abandon sound biblical doctrine in light of “the latest scientific evidence, particularly when that evidence is filtered through a naturalistic and atheistic worldview. Perhaps, just perhaps, one of those professing Christians will read this review and the Lord will use it to help them wake-up to the Biblical truth concerning origins.
A second reason is to hopefully show from the evolutionists own writings how absurd and sometimes laughable this theory and all that goes with it really is. Isaac Asimov, mentioned earlier, was a professor of biochemistry at Boston University but he was also a prolific writer of science fiction books. Much of this book LIFE IN DARWINS UNIVERSE fits that description, science fiction.
The purpose of Gene Bylinskys writing this book is given on the front flap of the jacket. It says he examines the many paths of evolution from the primitive life in Earths oceans to the sometimes odd creatures found on the isolated small continent of Australia. A question is asked on the back flap Under what conditions could life begin on other planets in the universe? This book seeks to answer that question and in doing so offers a lot of Bylinskys imagination and very little true science and contains many pictures attempting to depict such life. However, the true purpose of the book from this reviewers perspective is that Bylinsky seeks to prove that evolution is the answer for the origin of everything and that a Creator God is just not necessary.
It must be emphasized that evolution is certainly a faith system, for as Dr. Duane Gish says The “big-bang” theory of the origin of the universe contradicts much physical evidence and seemingly can only be accepted by faith. This faith system of the evolutionist is usually without God but there are those who want to have it both ways saying …that some intelligent designer created the universe and used the various types of evolution to accomplish his goals. This designer has intervened in history at various points and helped out his creation from time to time. The problem with this idea is that there is no way to tell when the designer intervened, and acceptance of this designer does not mean that the God of the Bible exists. Intelligent design, as a movement, does not recognize or promote any particular god, but accepts any. This idea may very well lead people away from the true God of the Bible by allowing them to choose whatever story they want to. The idea has been rejected by evolutionary scientists and the courts.
The book is divided into three parts. Chapter one through three is under Part One: IN THE BEGINNING. Chapter four through eight are under Part Two: DARWINS UNIVERSE. Chapter nine and ten are under Part Three: THE SEARCH NARROWS.
In the INTRODUCTION Mr. Bylinsky states Support for the conclusion that life is common throughout the universe comes from recent discoveries by radio astronomers that the basic molecules that make up life are scattered throughout the velvety blackness of the cosmos like seeds on a freshly plowed field. He then says …we now know that the universe is a vast chemical laboratory where not only is the matter that goes into the making of the stars the same everywhere, but the building blocks are the same. Is this true? Dr. Henry Morris in his book Scientific Creationism says …the moon landing have permitted man actually to study the composition and structure of some of the materials from at least one extra-terrestrial body. Enough has been found now to permit the firm conclusion that the earth and its moon are of vastly different structure and therefore could not have the same celestial evolutionary ancestor.
Further on in the INTRODUCTION the author states that …this book begins at the beginning, the creation of our universe in the immense explosion that has become known as the Big Bang. Of course this cannot be proven scientifically. Strange to think is it not that what we see today evolutionists believe originated from an explosion! Usually an explosion causes disorder rather than order! Try putting some dynamite under a pile of metal and lighting the dynamite. See if that Big Bang assembles an automobile!
He then says that due to the chemical and biological evolution on Earth one can therefore …view the possibilities bound to exist on the billions of life-bearing planets that are believed to circle other suns. Note the words possibilities and believed. The evolutionist reasons that … if our sun somehow evolved by a planetary system by natural processes, then surely those same processes must have evolved similar planetary systems around at least a certain number of other stars.
The last chapters of the book are said to consider the chances of locating other life bearing planets and establishing contact with their habitations. Note the words chances of. Also in the INTRODUCTION the author states that It is the growing realization that life everywhere must obey the universal laws of chemistry and physics… How can this be; for as Dr. Morris writes It seems obvious that the evolution model would predict that matter, energy and the laws are still evolving since they must have evolved in the past and there is no external agent to bring such evolution to a halt.
However, Creationists obviously would predict that the basic laws, as well as the fundamental nature of matter and energy, would not now be changing at all. They were all completely created finished in the past, and are being conserved in the present.
Dr. Duane Gish states There were no natural laws in existence during this hypothetical early stage of the origin of the universe. Evolutionists must suppose that the natural laws that now govern the operation of the known universe somehow were produced by the Big Bang. Therefore, its origin could not have been based on natural laws. If creation is excluded then likewise all evolutionary theories on the origin of the universe must also be excluded.
CHAPTER ONE BUILDING LIFE’S STAGES
On page 5 the author states The universe was born in a blinding flash that lit up the blackness and continued to shine for nearly a million years. In the beginning was the word…, says the Bible, and the word, say the cosmologists, was light. Why does Mr. Bylinsky quote the Bible? Does he hope to disprove the Bible?
Evolutionists come up with millions and billions of years without any evidence to back their statement. It seems an evolutionist treats years as socialists do other peoples money. How does he know it was nearly a million years? But then on the same page he writes …there was a beginning before the beginning. Somehow, prior to that big blast that occurred 15 to 20 billion years ago…matter – perhaps the remains of a previous universe that had contracted onto itself-had condensed into one primordial superatom. The explosion was unlike any we are familiar with on Earth. Instead of starting from the center, it occurred everywhere at once, making every particle rush away from every other particle. Note somehow and the time line of 15 to 20 billion years ago. The somehow cannot be scientifically proven so the masses of thought to be illiterate must accept it as fact?! Do not ask questions!
Then the billions of years mean; given enough time anything can happen! Subsequently because the scientist knows more than we, even though he was not there and his theory was not and cannot be proven scientifically by observation, we are to accept the reality that out of a blast and an explosion 15 to 20 billion years ago we are here and all that we see around us is here due to that blast and explosion! Of course, again we must stress that no one was there to see it and usually blasts and explosions cause disorder rather than order. Sadly this theory isnt classified science fiction but is being taught as science!
Dr. Duane Gish points out The most widely accepted theory on the origin of the universe is known technically as inflation theory, but is generally referred to as the Big Bang theory. It was recognized that the standard Big Bang theory had insuperable flaws, so something else had to be postulated to rescue the theory. Alan Guth, now at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, invented the notion, based on quantum theory, that prior to the Big Bang there occurred a fluctuation of a false vacuum. The particle, or whatever it might be called, that was produced in a tiny fraction of a second, inflated itself into something about the size of a grapefruit. From this point on the remainder of the universe was produced essentially similar to the original Big Bang theory…
On page five we read that There is still no universal agreement, though, on how planets were formed in our solar system. Then on page 6 the word creative appears. The creative processes by which the present beautiful order of the solar system was developed, as T. J. J. See, a turn – of – the century American astronomer put it, of necessity involved violence. Note the words creative, beautiful and order. The word creative carries the idea of original, imaginative, inspired, artistic, ingenious and innovative. Then beautiful has the thought of delightful and attractive. Order carries with it arrangement and organization. Creative and beautiful order sounds like a Creator may be the central figure in all of this to me!
On page 10 we are told that Both the atmosphere and the oceans owe their origins to violent upheavals inside the forming Earth. Volcanoes spewed out gases that went into making the atmosphere. A mixture of carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, ammonia, water, nitrogen, and hydrogen escaped to the surface and became part of the primitive atmosphere.
Mr. Blylinsky then continues on page 10 that Ultraviolet radiation from the sun beat down on the oceans surface unhindered by any protective layer of ozone, since the Earthly atmosphere consisted mainly of those original constituents of the universe: hydrogen and helium. With water plentiful and radiation acting as a catalyst, the stage was set for the emergence of life. You talk about faith; the evolutionist has it as do Christians. From poisonous gases spewed out by volcanoes and a mixture of just the right amount of chemicals, radiation and no ozone and poof given enough time we are here along with all that we see today! Does it matter if there was or was not ozone? Well to some it does. How could life have formed and evolved in such a hostile environment? According to our calculations, there was virtually no ozone in the early atmosphere to protect against ultraviolet radiation levels that were much greater than they are today. It clearly should have affected the evolution of life on earth.
However, If we were to grant the evolutionists assumption of no oxygen in the original atmosphere, another fatal problem arises. Since the ozone is made of oxygen, it would not exist; and the ultraviolet rays from the sun would destroy any biological molecules. This presents a no-win situation for the evolution model. If there was oxygen, life could not start. If there was no oxygen, life could not start. Michael Denton notes:
What we have is sort of a Catch 22 situation. If we have oxygen we have no organic compounds, but if we dont have oxygen we have none either.
Because life could not have originated on land, some evolutionists propose that life started in the oceans. The problem with life starting in the oceans, however, is that as organic molecules formed, the water would have immediately destroyed them through a process called hydrolysis. Hydrolysis, which means water splitting, is the addition of a water molecule between two bonded molecules (two amino acids in this case), which causes them to split apart. Many scientists have noted this problem.
Besides breaking up polypeptides, hydrolysis would have destroyed many amino acids.
In general the half-lives of these polymers in contact with water are on the order of days and monthsâ€”time spans which are surely geologically insignificant.
Furthermore, water tends to break chains of amino acids apart. If any proteins had formed in the oceans 3.5 billion years ago, they would have quickly disintegrated.
Scientifically, there is no known solution for how life could have chemically evolved on the earth.
CHAPTER TWO THE CURTAIN RISES
On page 11 according to the author the Earth obviously was the kind of planet needed for life to emerge or at least life as we know it, as scientists like to qualify that statement. Well according to Isaiah 45:18 God …himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited…
However, not accepting the simple fact of Scripture the author continues on page 11 saying Paradoxically, life began its explosive expansion that eventually led to man in an oxygen-rich, or oxidizing, atmosphere. Organisms had to adjust to living with poisonous oxygen and learn to like it. A synonym for paradox is absurd and that is what this is! How did these organisms adjust to living with poisonous oxygen and also learn to live with that poison? Was it a miracle?
On page 12 it says When life began on Earth, though, there wasnt any oxygen in the atmosphere. The first organisms, presumably fermenting bacteria, exploited organic, or carbon containing, molecules available in the environment. They ate up the organic soup. Then continuing on page 12 the author states What is clear…is that the basic building blocks of life are easy to produce from nonliving matter. He uses the experiment by Stanley Miller in 1953 at the University of Chicago as proof. He says Miller and other scientists elsewhere eventually produced most of the components of the basic molecules that constitute life: nucleotides and amino acids. Note the words most of. Also it took an intelligent being (howbeit an evolutionist) to perform this experiment.
The author then quotes Miller on page 13 saying Now there is a whole body of work showing that organic compounds are easy to make and the ones you get are those more or less that occur in living organisms.
Is it true that Miller did produce the building blocks of life and are they EASY to make? What did Miller do and did his or any of those experiments after his really prove chemical evolution? Dr. Duane Gish says Miller circulated a mixture of methane, ammonia, hydrogen, and water vapor through an apparatus containing an electrical discharge chamber. Products of the reaction were collected in a cold trap. After circulating the gases for about a week, Miller analyzed the aqueous solution in the trap. He found that it contained glycine and alanine, the two simplest amino acids, plus small amounts of two other amino acids, glutamic acid and aspartic acid. In addition to these amino acids, which are constituents of proteins, several other nonprotein amino acids, as well as a number of amines and acids were found.
Since Miller’s experiment, other origin of life chemists have produced a variety of amino acids, sugars, purines, pyrimidines, and other compounds under a variety of conditions and using various gases. Evolutionists have generally accepted these results uncritically, hailing them as providing sure evidence that naturalistic processes would have provided the prebiotic “soup” necessary for the origin of life. Kenyon and Steinman state, for example, The experiments discussed in this chapter indicate that a rich variety of biologically important molecules could have been synthesized on the primitive Earth by simple means.
The first thing that must be emphasized about these results is that while the production of these compounds is a vital necessity in any origin of life scheme, success at this stage is many orders of magnitude easier to achieve than success at the next stage, which would include arranging these subunits in the precise order required for biologically active proteins, DNA and RNA. Furthermore, bringing these large biologically active molecules together into a coordinated functional system required for a living cell is again many orders of magnitude more difficult and less likely. In other words, even if these results are accepted uncritically, they are trivial in view of the immensity of the overall problem.
Dr. Henry Morris comments on Millers experiment saying amino acids are not living things in any sense at all. Further-more, Millers apparatus included a trap to separate them as soon as they were formed, otherwise they would have been broken down by the same atmospheric conditions which produced them. Such protection would not have been available on the primitive earth.
Klaus Dose, Director of the Institute for Biochemistry at the Johannes Gutenberg University in West Germany, an evolutionist himself, wrote that Considerable disagreements between scientists have arisen about detailed evolutionary steps. The problem is that the principal evolutionary processes from prebiotic molecules to progenotes have not been proven by experimentation and that the environmental conditions under which these processes occurred are not known. Moreover, we do not actually know where the genetic information of all living cells originates, how the first replicable polynucleotides (nucleic acids) evolved, or how the extremely complex structure-function relationships in modern cells came into existence.
On page 14 the author says …the coming together of those ingredients to produce the first self-replicating molecule…was the crucial moment a miracle of chemical creation. Even evolutionists believe in miracles howbeit naturalistic. Mr. Bylinsky is not alone in his thinking concerning a miracle without Divine intervention for a fellow evolutionist, Francis Crick, wrote An honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that in some sense, the origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to have been satisfied to get it going.
Still on page 14 the question is asked Which came first, the cell or the gene? This is the old chicken and egg problem to evolutionists. Bylinsky then says Scientists still argue the question. They argue for these scientists know The origin of life is very problematic to explain using naturalistic mechanisms. A textbook I have used to teach a college-level biology class devotes three full pages to the issue. After proposing several theories, all of which are explained using much conditional language such as perhaps, may have, and could have, the authors end the section with this statement: Once the protocells [primitive cells] acquired genes that could replicate they became cells capable of reproducing, and evolution begins (brackets added). The authors are basically saying that the origin of life is so extremely difficult to explain using naturalistic theories that we are going to gloss over it and get to the part we think we know something about.
On page 16 the author states an important truth but it doesnt stop him and others like him from continuing to verbalize their theories of origins via evolution as fact. He wrote that …no one has been able to show yet in the laboratory how DNA can arise from random chemical subunits. Continuing on page 16 Mr. Bylinsky says It appears…billions of years ago, life was governed by energy crises. If the chemicals back in those early evolutionary stages of life on this planet could overcome the energy crises then why can the same not happen today?
On page 17 he explains what that energy crisis was and how it was met. He says the first microorganisms multiplied but their growth became limited by the limited energy derived from fermentation. This was the first energy crises. However, to meet these crises miraculously new types of bacteria evolved. However these new microorganisms decreased the level of atmospheric hydrogen to a point where further extraction of chemical energy from the atmosphere became difficult. This was the second energy crises. Nevertheless, nature is a marvellous thing for It was solved by the evolution of photosynthesis… This amazing act of evolution can justifiable be called the most important biochemical event to evolve on Earth, for it led eventually to the development of oxygen-powered cells that were the forerunners of animal life on Earth. Talk about faith!!
The creationist who believes the Word of God asks Could the selection of random mutations, as neo-Darwinists propose, have led to such an amazingly coordinated, sophisticated system? The most that current research can do, having left no part to randomness, is to produce a pale copy of just one part of photosynthesis.
Where did photosynthesis come from? Those who develop machines by copying the ordered processes of intricate, efficient machines found in nature ought to recognize that millions of years could not, and thus did not, build them.
Inanimate objects and undirected processes, no matter what their ages are projected to be, are not observed to select thingsâ€”scientists, inventors, and other rational beings are. Therefore, the more reasonable possibility is that the Creator God created manganese, then selected it as a catalyst to supply the oxygen and plant growth necessary for life here on earth.
Continuing on the same subject of photosynthesis Dr. John Morris says evolutionists must somehow account for the origin of photosynthetic ability and the DNA code, not to mention the myriads of other abilities and parts of the plant (or animal or cell). The plant appears to have been designed to do what it does right from the start. How could random changes in non-living chemicals produce any precursor of these entities, and how could random mutations in any (simple) living system produce the unfathomable complexity we now observe, when every random change we see points to disintegration, not improvement. Even wild hopes like “chaos theory,” or “dissipative structures,” merely produce (at best) interesting arrays of presently existing forms, not new and more capable structures, or abilities.
Up to now what evolutionary thinking promotes is not very clear, at least to a simple mind such as I have, but on page 17, Mr. Bylinsky says that to him Whats clear…is that within a little more than a billion years of the Earths formation, microscopic, single-celled organisms resembling bacteria were already in existence. However, the next leap to cells with nuclei, or eukaryotic cells, and to multicellular organisms, took twice as long, or two billion years. Years to the evolutionist is like taxpayers money is to the politician, there is plenty of it!
On page 19 the author says that scientists of the evolutionary way of thinking have concluded that the transition from nonbiological organic, or carbon-containing, matter to simple life was easier than the step from one-celled bacteria to multicelled organisms. However, he states, this dramatic idea might be just an illusion, because the history of the first billion years of life on Earth has been almost completely erased by geological upheavals. So due to these upheavals and the destruction of any evidence to back their theory the evolutionist goes ahead and makes up a story!
What about that cell that just happened to come into being through naturalistic circumstances? David Rosevear says With all the amazingly complex, mutually-dependent components, it seems that the cell had to be complete from the beginning, rather than being assembled piecemeal over years of evolution.
On page 19 the author tells us that From the first cell came many-celled creatures; then came the crustaceans; next the fishes, which were the first animals with a backbone, and eventually man. On the same page he assures us that our earliest ancestor had learned to utilize oxygen instead of sunlight for energy production. This is laughable. If evolution or the process of evolution is so smart how come evolution doesnt work out the answer to the supposed problem of hypothetical global warming or climate change of today?
But wait a minute is jumping from that first cell to learning to use oxygen to becoming man a BIG JUMP whether it is a billion or two billion years? Yes it is, for The simplest form of life imaginable would require hundreds of different kinds of molecules, perhaps thousands, most of them large and very complex. With respect to this point, Van Rensselaer Potter states, It is possible to hazard a guess that the number is not less than 1,000, but whether it is 3,000 or 10,000 or greater is anyone’s guess. This statement not only acknowledges the immensity of the problem, but also is a tacit admission of how little is really known or knowable about the problem.
The author says on page 19 it is probably the height of egotism to say that our solar system is unique in the universe and that no other system exists. On page 21 the author speaks of a rather narrow zone of life and miraculously The Earth appears to be ideally situated in the middle of the zone. Well Isaiah knew this when he wrote For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else Isaiah 45:18.
The extremely fine line between an environment where life can and cannot exist is illustrated by the fact that it is estimated a five-degree temperature change in the average worldwide temperature would, in time, seriously affect life on the Earth, and much greater temperature change could be disastrous to life. The tolerances are extremely small, and if there are any other planets in the universe, it is unlikely that any of them could have life due to the extremely rigid conditions required for life to exist.
The chances of a planet being the right size, the proper distance away from the right sized star, and the other conditions noted in this article are extremely minute, even if many stars have planets circling them as some speculate. The mathematical odds that all of these and other essential conditions happened by chance are astronomical–something like billions to one!
Nevertheless, the evolutionist desires for there to be life somewhere other than on this planet. On pages 23 and 24 the author writes that the Discovery of even the simplest kind of life on another planet-or remnants of life-of course would remove the creation of life from the miraculous and tell us that life is an inevitable outcome of chemical evolution of matter everywhere.
On page 24 quoting another evolutionist the author writes, You look at the interstellar molecules and you see cyanide and formaldehyde. These two can provide the pathway for everything else.
There is a simplicity in the whole scheme-so much so that you practically feel that the whole universe is trying to make life. Not so says Dr. Charles McCombs and Brian Thomas. They write Could cyanide be the next new component in the recipe for life? Its highly unlikely, since cyanide radicals, like other free radicals, are so reactive that they would totally destroy all building blocks for proteins and DNA that might be present, even in the absence of oxygen.
Despite what is known of its destructive chemistry, if cyanide were assumed to be a new source of organic material, it would not help a forming cell to store and process information, metabolize energy, copy all essential cellular components into a subsequent generation, and keep itself separate itself fromâ€”and yet interact withâ€”its environment. And even if cyanide somehow overcame these hurdles, its presence would create a very toxic environment for any newly formed organism.
Instead of trying to add one more ingredient to the recipe for life, researchers might have more success just asking who wrote that recipe. If natural processes could not have made it, and yet it exists, then there is evidence for an intelligent Creator. The data fit creation.
The author ends chapter two by saying On Earth alone…the diversity of life has been far greater than we realize, hinting at the directions life can take on other planets. That is the hope of the evolutionist and NASA to find life somewhere out there in space.
CHAPTER THREE CONQUEST OF THE LAND
Here we go with the spitting out years like they were minutes. On page 26 the author writes Another billion years passed…. and Then, 400 million years ago… and then Nearly 3 billion years had elapsed between the time of the first living molecules appeared and the beginning of the conquest of the land. The author then asks Why did it take so long? I wonder why he asks that question for from everything he has said it is time and lots of it that allows for this theory to happen. At any rate he asks the question and then attempts to answer it. On page 27 he explains that one reason it took so long is because it was only about 1.3 billion years ago that the searing heat that developed the early Earth began to decline from 160 degrees to 126 degrees Fahrenheit. It was For 2.7 billion years the simple anaerobic bacteria, those that thrive in the absence of oxygen, were the only life on Earth Then it was 600 million years ago some eukaryotic cells…evolved a metabolic pathway that enabled them to use oxygen for energy-increasing their energy production eighteenfold. Amazing!
Continuing on page 27 he writes This giant leap in energy yield fuelled the development of higher animals… This happened during the Cambrian Period, which lasted from 570 million to 500 million years ago. It was after the Cambrian Period the author says that there was a major expansion of the invertebrates in what is called the Ordovician age. Then About 400 million years ago, the ozone shield was finally in place, and with shallow seas covering large areas of Pangaea, primitive plants began to establish a beachhead on the fringes of the land. Now To cope with the new environment, the primitive plants had to evolve a number of advanced features. (Emphasis added) Think now, is there anything in the last two paragraphs that seem almost impossible, if not totally impossible, happening even with enough time?
However, speaking about the Cambrian period Dr. Duane Gish said In the Cambrian geological strata there occurs a sudden, great outburst of fossils of animals on a highly developed level of complexity. In the Cambrian rocks are found billions of fossils of animals so complex that the evolutionists estimate they would have required one and a half billion years to evolve. Trilobites, brachiopods, sponges, corals, jellyfish, in fact every one of the major invertebrate forms of life are found in the Cambrian. What is found in rocks supposedly older than the Cambrian, that is in the so-called pre-Cambrian rocks? Not a single indisputable fossil! Certainly it can be said without fear of contradiction, the evolutionary predecessors of the Cambrian fauna have never been found. Dont confuse the evolutionist with the facts Dr. Gish.
What about that place called Pangaea of which Bylinsky speaks? Brian Thomas writes The standard story of the origin of Australia goes something like this: Many millions of years ago, the earth had one continent called Pangaea. Around 120 million years ago, a landmass that included the future Africa and South America inexplicably broke off and began pulling away. Then, 80 million years ago Australia separated from Antarcticaâ€”thus Australia became isolated. The creatures trapped on Australia underwent millions of years of evolution separately from the creatures on other continents, since there was no breeding across continents then.
All it takes is one fossil bone to throw a wrench into that tale. The Herald Sun reported on June 12, 2008, that a 19cm forearm bone was found near Cape Otway, Australia. The bone looks just like one from the South American megaraptor! How did a South American land-dwelling dinosaur get to Australia? The Sun reports, The investigators say the two dinosaurs are so similar that land bridges must have persisted between southern South America and the Western Antarctic Archipelago until at least the Late Eocene, a period that began some 40 million years ago.
Wait a minute. Was Australia connected to other continents via land bridges 80 million years ago, or 40? Is either of these estimates even in the ballpark?
This fossil discovery fits well with a biblical history, which goes something like this: Around 2348 BC, a worldwide flood crushed and reshaped the earths surface, breaking up a single landmass (Pangaea) into continents and fossilizing countless living things. Prior to the Flood megaraptors roamed Pangaea, during the Flood they were fossilized, and in the late Flood stages the boundaries of new continents (along with their fossils) were roughly shaped. Unlike the standard story, the outlines of this history have been testified to by reliable eyewitnesses, and this testimony has been faithfully preserved in Genesis.
On page 29 Bylinsky says Nature emphasizes simplicity… Because of this simplicity which nature emphasizes fish that stayed in the freshwater areas began to push along the shallow bottoms of the ponds, from one wet place to another, gulping air on the way. Inevitably, these fish got better and better at breathing air and using their fins for shoving their bodies along. Particularly skilful at trundling from shallow pool to shallow pool were the crossopterygians; the structure of their fin bones made for fairly easy locomotion on land. They didnt choose to go onto land, says N. John Berrill, the noted English born biologist. They suddenly found themselves there and made the best of it. (Emphasis added) They suddenly found themselves there and made the best of it! If creationists said such things the noise from the laughing and scoffing would be unbearable but not so when an evolutionist says it! Dr. Henry Morris says evolutionists were embarrassed when the crossopterygian was discovered alive and well in the waters near Madagascar in 1958. He says It is hard to see how these fish could have become amphibians when they are still the same as they were a hundred million years ago when they began to make the transition. There seem, however, to be no other candidates. The lungfish, the walking catfish, and other fish that seem to have certain resemblances to land animals, have all been ruled out by evolutionists for various reasons. Nevertheless the evolutionist continues telling his story for on page 29 Bylinsky says The fish gradually evolved into amphibians resembling short-tailed alligators.
On page 30 the author says the final and big break with the sea for most amphibians then living came late, in the Pennsylvanian (Carboniferous) age, 275 million years ago. Later on the same page he writes that Human reproduction also is based on the amniote-egg principle, illustrating mans direct link to the reptile. The mammalian system, of course, differs from the reptilian, but there are basic similarities. For as Bylinsky says; The reptiles took the ocean with them onto the land and repackaged it into an egg. Then on pages 30 and 31 as the climate on the earth changed it was about 200 million years ago, the first dinosaurs appeared. Then on page 31 we get the wow factor of evolution. Bylinsky says The fact that similarities evolved under differing circumstances, and that contrasts developed when similar circumstances, hints at the rich possibilities for life to take on its path of evolution. Dr. Morris states that The fact that the DNA molecule is necessary for the reproduction and that it only operate in the presence of proteins which it had previously specified and organized seems to be an impenetrable barrier to…evolution.
CHAPTER FOUR THE TURNS AND TWISTS OF EVOLUTION ON EARTH
In this land of make believe that the evolutionist lives in on page 35 the author states that In the mists of prehistory, you might say three planets named Earth circled the sun. Here again years are thrown around like a pair of dice. The author talks about the earth going through great strain and stresses 200 million years ago. Then later on page 35 he says about 180 million years ago, Australia and Antarctica broke off… Before the page is finished he states that about 130 million years ago, North and South America began to separate from their respective continents… Of course neither he nor any of his evolutionary friends were there but it makes a good story or so they think.
The passing of years to the evolutionist is nothing. They speak on millions of years as nothing. On page 41 Bylinsky says that although dinosaurs…ruled the earth for almost 100 million years, obviously were losers. These dinosaurs were not able to adjust to whatever drastic environmental changes they faced so they began to die out 75 million years ago, and within about 10 million years-an instant in geological time-the giant reptiles had vanished. One hundred million, 75 million, ten million but who is counting?
Then on page 46 Bylinsky says Australia is believed to have moved north three thousand miles in the past 100 million years. Then Australias neighbour New Zealand is said on page 47 to have parted company from the main southern landmass about 160 million years ago.
Going on to page 48 we read that the fossils of animals in South America date back to early in the Age of Mammals, or about 60 million years ago. In the next paragraph on page 48 Bylinsky writes The next fossil find, dating back to 55 to 60 million years ago… There is a difference of five million between 55 and 60 million but what is five million years when speaking of evolutionary time?
On page 56 Bylinsky quotes Robert Jastrow in that to bear life a planet must squeeze through a narrow gate (in terms of being exactly the right distance from just the right type of star), then man just barely squeezed through a crack in the evolutionary door. We owe our existence to not an all mighty God but to this crack pawned off on the public by crackpots!
Then on page 57 we read that its only within the past million years that those ancestral apes became more human-like, and only within the past one hundred thousand years that man attained his present form.
Bylinsky continues his walk down memory lane on page 58 writing that the ancestors of man set off on their million-year-long trek toward skyscraper cities and the atom bomb. Now the stars beckon. All this from a Big Bang! Amazing!
Mr. Bylinsky believes life would be different from what we see today if evolution had taken another twist and turn. For instance on page 62 he says Reptiles…could have become much more intelligent than they did. He then writes Our illustration on the opposite page shows an intelligent repite taking mans place on the evolutionary tree.
Not giving up Bylinsky writes on page 64 that Evolution is a great restructurer. It takes equipment and parts at hand, and by using unimaginable millennia, it keeps remolding existing parts and structures, adding on to them and using old parts in new ways. An example of this is The human ear…it consists of parts that originally had little or nothing to do with hearing.
Does enough time really help evolution? Brian Thomas writes that In a news release, Dr. Sarpeshkar said that engineers can learn a great deal from studying biological systems that have evolved over hundreds of millions of years to perform sensory and motor tasks very efficiently in noisy environments while using very little power. But what does a long time span actually accomplish within biological systems?
Biological systems relentlessly break down. Even with DNA and tissue repair mechanisms in place, hearing loss occurs in individuals of all vertebrate groups over just one lifetime. And mutations stack up over the course of multiple lifetimes, which eventually leads to mutational meltdown. The long periods of time considered necessary for evolution actually hurt and do not help the theory. With more time comes more degeneration, not more organization.
CHAPTER FIVE DICTATES OF THE ENVIORNMENT THE LOOK OF LIFE
Chapter four began Part II of this book which is titled DARWINS UNIVERSE. Chapter five begins that journey of what life is might be like on other planets. The key to the book is life without God. On page 80 the author quotes Dr. Cyril Ponnamperuma saying that to him …it looks like God is an organic chemist.
On page 81 Bylinsky writes that Evolution, in short, molds the plaster of life to fit the cast prescribed by the environment. Now, if that be true, why such a ruckus concerning so-called global warming or climate change, depending on the day and weather. No matter how bad it gets evolution has an answer.
On page 102 Bylinsky says To squeeze through the gate of life, and to produce intelligent life, still another environmental influence had to be at work. It appears to harbor life a planet must also have undergone geological processes similar to those that took place on Earth. Specifically, these are tectonics and continental drift. Here is another it appears scenario.
On page 108 we read Chance obviously plays a role in evolution; if the cause of the dinosaurs demise was, indeed, a chance event, man may be here by chance. Then Mr. Bylinsky quotes Carl Sagan on page 108 saying We have a worrisome tendency to think that if even minor events had gone slightly differently billions of years ago the organisms today would also be very different… Isa 45:12, 18 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded. 18 For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
CHAPTER SIX OCEAN KINGDOMS AND INSECT WORLDS
On page 110 Bylinsky tells us that Even on Earth, where man prides himself on being the ruler of the planet, the possibilities for other creatures to assume that role were always there. Genesis 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. The Prince of preachers in commenting on this verse said man …was made to be lord of the world; and if now the beasts rebel against him, it is only because he also has rebelled against his God.
Mr. Bylinsky continues on page 110 that Any form of life under certain circumstances could conceivably become intelligent. Man is unique among all of Gods creatures. Gensis 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
On page 112 Bylinsky delves into his what ifs by writing If continents had never surfaced, if Earth or another planet were totally covered with water, what kind of life would such a planet boast? And, how far in intelligence could such life-forms proceed?
On page 128 the author considers the ant. He writes If worker ants on Earth can use tools in such an intelligent manner, it isnt too much to expect much larger, more intelligent insects elsewhere to use tools as well as man does. How do men see the marvels of what is around them and miss the One who has created it and them? Sad indeed! Proverbs 6:6 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise. Proverbs 30:25 The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer.
CHAPTER SEVEN LIFE BEYOND DARWIN
Skipping to page 149 we read where Bylinsky hits on the subject of the superbrain. This superbrain is really a supercomputer that stores all the wisdom and creative achievements of the human race and improves on them. The superbrain doesnt communicate with anyone, only with itself. In other variants, the superbrain becomes and intelligence encompassing the whole surface of a planet, sometimes becoming a part of a larger, interplanetary network. Do away with a God to whom we are responsible and come up with a superbrain with whom we are not responsible.
CHAPTER EIGHT FUTURE MAN
On page 154 Bylinsky says Some animals, apparently fitting their niches to near perfection, have remained unaltered for hundreds of millions of years: frogs and turtles are two examples. Man, obviously, is much younger than that and probably is still changing. Its doubtful…that man has reached a state of perfection, at least not in his behaviour, which, like all his other activities, as well as his bodily structures, is governed by his biological past. But what lies in mans future? He proposes that this question can be answered in two ways. One by considering what has happened to the evolution of intelligence on Earth and secondly what could have happened on planets of other stars.
Then on page 155 he writes that mans big brains, as well as our ability to speak, thus are result of specialization in the search for food and its consumption. The new diet modified our ancestors jaws and oral cavities, enabling them to speak. Wow!
However, as some have concluded that there is no proof for or against the existence of God they also say there is no proof for or against the divine origin of language. Nevertheless, In actual fact: One cannot prove the existence of God, but He has revealed himself in creation in such a way that we can deduce His greatness and His wisdom (Psalm 19; Romans 1:1920). The same holds for the origin of languages. An evolutionary development can be precluded immediately, and it is clear from the complexity of all languages that behind and above the brilliant concepts figuring in all of them, there must be an originator of the ideas. We thus accept the biblical report that God gifted man with this special ability when he was created. The gift of speech is apparent from the following particulars:
â€”creation of the necessary special speech apparatus for articulation
â€”the ability to create words (Genesis 2:19)
â€”the ability to learn a language
â€”creative use of the language phenomenon
Originally, there was only one language (Genesis 11:1), but at the Babel judgment (Genesis 11:7 ) God caused many languages to arise, preserving the ability to express all thoughts in words.
On page 156 Bylinsky writes that The accidental nature of the evolution of mans brain…might have been influenced by geological upheavals that set the particular rate of evolution of intelligence on Earth that led to man. Note the words accidental and might have been.
Our brain is just an accident of chance according to the evolutionist whereas The creationist believes that only an omnipotent Creator could design and construct the human brain! He cannot prove such a fact scientifically, of course, but neither can the evolutionist…
On page 157 Bylinsky writes the evolution of intelligence proceeded fairly rapidly during the time 700 million to 200 million years ago. Time almost seems to mean nothing to the evolutionist and yet it means everything to their theory. Then something took place about 200 million years ago to drastically slow down the overall rate of brain development.
On page 158 Bylinsky quotes Dale Russell saying When human brain size doubled during the last two million years…man acquired language, libraries and a technology which has enabled him to explore the planets. With enough time anything is possible for the evolutionist and his theory. That is all he has is theory for he has no evidence and he was not there nor was anyone he knows there. For as Bylinsky says on page 158 Such a leap in mental powers, Russell thinks… Russell thinks but does he know for sure? No, he just thinks it may have happened that way.
So in the last two million years…man acquired language but how? The evolutionist has a problem here for The descended larynx is a very puzzling feature. In most mammals, the
larynxâ€”a tubular structure constituting the upper end of the windpipeâ€”connects
directly with the back of the nasal passages. A channel from nostrils to lungs
therefore remains open at all times, so that the animals can swallow and breathe
simultaneously. But in Homo sapiens the larynx occupies a new position low in
the throatâ€”a development fraught with disadvantages.
Given enough time anything can happen or so Bylinsky believes. On page 161 Bylinsky by faith believes Given enough time, a koala conceivably could have gone on to develop into a somewhat man-like creature. Is this conjecture or faith?
On page 162 the author states As for mans future evolution…it is more likely than not to continue along the lines laid down in the past. And what a checkered past it has been! In our blood we carry the salt of primordial oceans. Our arms and legs were once fish flippers. Our womens amniotic sacs link them directly to the reptiles amniotic eggs-and for both men and women such links to reptiles extend through the reptilian portion of our brain, that knob-like structure that constitutes the brains of crocodiles, frogs, and lizards today.
However, to the creationist there is one particular aspect of design which is so powerful, so convincing, that it almost seems unfair to challenge evolution with it. The reference is to our brain, the greatest concentration of chemo-neurological order and complexity in the physical universe. It is a video camera and library, a computer and communication center, all in one. And the more the brain is used the better it becomes! A detailed picture of the human brain is slowly emerging, the origin of which seems entirely beyond comprehension from a naturalistic point of view. We see remarkable purpose and interdependence within the brainâ€”every part works for the benefit of the whole. Such features are not totally understood; the brain is unable fully to understand itself. As always, we cannot fully understand the created, intricate details of the present-day world.
The brain truly provides an ultimate design challenge for evolution. It should be a cause for humble praise in considering the wonder of the mind. It is a privilege to dedicate these minds to the Creator.
CHAPTER NINE PLANET SEARCH
This chapter is also the beginning of Part Three. Here the author and others like him venture into the solar system hoping to find life. On page 172 he quotes Teng Mu saying How unreasonable it would be to suppose that besides the Earth and the sky which we can see, there are no other skies and no other Earths. It is the goal of NASA and the SETI Institute …to explore, understand and explain the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe.
Billions of taxpayers money is spent on the exploration of space and as Don DeYoung says Just one word explains the intense interest in new planetsâ€”life. Many scientists are convinced that we are not alone in space. Since life evolved on Earth, it must likewise have happened elsewhere, either on planets or their moons.
CHAPTER TEN CONTACT!
We finally come to the last chapter in this book and on page 198 the author writes that Any day now, if radio astronomers are to be believed, a signal from the stars will flash across the unimaginable gulf of space to end our cosmic loneliness. With six billion people on this one planet one would not think loneliness would be a problem. Perhaps the loneliness these people have is that of intelligence. Out of the six billion there are not enough who are intelligent enough to make conversation with them! Is that it?
On page 199 contradicting the Bible the author wrote that With most stars being older than the sun, if technological civilizations exist, they are likely to be unimaginably more advanced than ours. Genesis 1:14 – 19 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
On page 200 we read that To believe that life on Earth is an exceptional phenomenon would be an exceptional act of faith. Bylinsky goes on to say that The search for signals from the stars is a shot in the darkness of the cosmos, based largely on guesses and speculation, albeit highly interesting ones. What a way to spend money, on guesses and speculation. However, The search must go on because if we didnt try we would never know whether intelligent whispers even now rustle through the spaces along the stars.
According to Don DeYoung Many more planetary objects outside the solar system no doubt will be found in coming years. With improved resolution, the detection of Earth-sized objects will surely increase the hype about possible life in space. However, close inspection of these objects will show the truth of Isaiah 45:18: God Himself that formed the earth and made it; He hath established it, He created it not in vain, He formed it to be inhabited.
The Earth is uniquely created for life. Other planets may exist in space, but, there is no place like home.
Well, the evolutionist has a desire to communicate with any who might be out there and they are going to spend your money to do it. To accomplish this messages have been placed aboard the spacecraft Voyagers 1 and 2. On page 225 it says these messages were put together by a committee of scientists and educators assembled by Carl Sagan. The author says The final product of this work was a two-hour-long phonograph record called Sounds of the Earth. On it are inscribed greetings from Earth in various languages, samples of various types of music, and natural sounds of the surf, wind, and thunder, as well as the sounds of birds, whales, and other animals. The author continues on page 225 saying that The phonograph records are enclosed in aluminium containers that include a porcelain cartridge, a diamond stylus, and playing instructions. Each recording begins with electronically encoded pictures, photographs of people in various countries, landscapes of Earth, various human activities, and views of the solar system. Also included are messages from then-President Jimmy Carter and one from UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim. The author continues to state on pages 225 and 226 that Even if the record is not deciphered, the spacecraft itself, if retrieved by representatives of another civilization, would be a message from Earth. This is how desperate these folk are!
Nearing the end of this chapter and on page 226 Bylinsky says All these attempts at contacting intelligent inhabitants of the cosmos may be misdirected…since the life-forms elsewhere may be maintaining radio silence because they are not technological beings. However, they will continue to spend your money to seek out life somewhere in the cosmos even if that life-form does not want to be found or is not as technological as we are! Whatever!
Bylinsky is really shaking the evolutionary tree for all it is worth when he says on page 226 But discovery from afar, and eventual fact-to-face encounters with life-forms such as the intelligent octopus, intelligent insect-like creatures, and brainy offspring of reptiles, as well as many similar beings, is not out of the question. THIS IS WHERE EVOLUTIONARY THOUGHT GETS A PERSON! Scary is it not?
Mr. Bylinsky conjectures on page 226 that Most of these creatures would probably have evolved vocal cords or some equivalent and developed some form of language so that we could communicate with them. Note probably have is guesswork and outside the realm of observation.
On page 227 Bylinsky says there could be a positive lesson in the discovery that man is alone in the universe, a unique, unrepeatable being. He continues his drivel saying on page 227 that The knowledge that our kind of life is found only on one fragile planet could drive some sense into the heads of politicians as they tinker with their lethal arsenals. He concludes page 227 and the book by writing that The big unanswered question is whether there is intelligent life on earth, intelligent enough not to wipe out the human race and most of the other life off the face of the Earth in the madness of a thermonuclear holocaust before discovering mans real worth and his place among the wonders of Darwins universe. Mr. Bylinsky, mans real worth is shown in John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
This book clearly shows the theory of evolution is not fact but conjecture and much if not most of what Mr. Bylinsky wrote is simply fiction. However, it was good for me to read this book written by a person who deeply believes this theory just to refresh my memory on how far the so-called experts go to replace God with a naturalistic theory. This theory of evolution goes hand in hand with the present day global warming climate change experts and their assumptions and deception. Both seek to displace God from His rightful place.
The evolutionist is to be pitied and their salvation prayed for. The evolutionist may believe billions of years for their theory of evolution but they surely must realize their own mortality and that life as we know it is very short and then what?! As James says; life is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away James 4:14. Do they never stop to think that when their heart stops; what then?
Whether the evolutionist believes it or not once this life is over there is no second chance.
Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment. Be assured there will be no evolutionists in hell for then all will know the TRUTH concerning origins.
Right now the evolutionist is one of those of whom the Scriptures speak of in 2Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
The evolutionist does not believe it right now but someday they will KNOW and experience the reality that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth Philippians 2:10.
May the truth of Acts 26:18 become a certainty to many who now believe Satans Lie of Evolution and that is for God To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Psalm 24:1 The earth is the LORD’S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
Psalm 33:8 Let all the earth fear the LORD: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.